What Did Howard Gardner Do?

Howard Gardner is a developmental psychologist best-known for this theory of multiple intelligences. He believed that the conventional concept of intelligence was too narrow and restrictive and that measures of IQ often miss out on other “intelligences” that an individual may possess.

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What did Howard Gardner accomplish?

In the late 1970s and early ’80s, after he had worked with brain-damaged hospital patients and healthy schoolchildren, Howard Gardner developed a theory that changed the way people study intelligence and transformed the fields of psychology and education.

What is Howard Gardner’s theory?

Howard Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences proposes that people are not born with all of the intelligence they will ever have. This theory challenged the traditional notion that there is one single type of intelligence, sometimes known as “g” for general intelligence, that only focuses on cognitive abilities.

How did Howard Gardner Impact education?

He proposed, in Frames of Mind, that there was not just a single intelligence that could be measured by one IQ test, but multiple intelligences — many ways of learning and knowing. With his best-known work, Howard Gardner shifted the paradigm and ushered in an era of personalized learning.

Why did Gardner develop his theory?

After spending time working with two very different groups, normal and gifted children, and brain-damaged adults, Gardner began developing a theory designed to synthesize his research and observations. In 1983, he published Frames of Mind which outlined his theory of multiple intelligences.

How did Howard Gardner define intelligence?

According to Gardner , intelligence is: § The ability to create an effective product or offer a service that is valued in a culture. § A set of skills that make it possible for a person to solve problems in life. § The potential for finding or creating solutions for problems, which involves gathering new knowledge.

What are the nine intelligences?

  • Logical-Mathematical Intelligence.
  • Linguistic Intelligence.
  • Interpersonal Intelligence.
  • Intrapersonal Intelligence.
  • Musical Intelligence.
  • Visual-Spatial Intelligence.
  • Bodily-Kinaesthetic Intelligence.
  • Naturalist Intelligence.

How many intelligences are there?

First introduced in his 1983 book “Frames of Mind,” Howard Gardner, a psychologist and professor at Harvard University, states that there are eight types of human intelligence — each representing different ways of how a person best processes information.

Did Howard Gardner have any major influences?

An early letter from Jean Piaget, whom Gardner credits as intellectually “the single biggest influence in my life.” Gardner framed a copy of his 1976 review of a book by Piaget, whose picture captures the older scholar’s Gallic charm.

What did Gardner propose as the primary components of intelligence?

In order to capture the full range of abilities and talents that people possess, Gardner theorizes that people do not have just an intellectual capacity, but have many kinds of intelligence, including musical, interpersonal, spatial-visual, and linguistic intelligences.

Who created the different learning styles?

Kolb’s learning styles are one of the best-known and widely used learning styles theories. Psychologist David Kolb first outlined his theory of learning styles in 1984. He believed that our individual learning styles emerge due to our genetics, life experiences, and the demands of our current environment.

What is the impact of multiple intelligences in the classroom?

Such research findings showed that multiple intelligences applied teaching activities could significantly enhance students’ learning achievement, promote the motivation to learn, enhance reading the comprehension, and even enhance the ability of cooperative learning with peers.

What is Sternberg best known for?

Robert Jeffrey Sternberg is an American psychologist known for his theories on love, intelligence, and creativity. He was born in New Jersey on December 9, 1949. Sternberg’s interest in psychology began early in life.

What did Chomsky do for psychology?

Contribution to Psychology

Chomsky is best known for his influence on linguistics, specifically, the development of transformational grammar. Chomsky believed that formal grammar was directly responsible for a person’s ability to understand and interpret mere utterances.

What are the 3 components of Sternberg’s theory of intelligence and what do they mean?

Sternberg’s theory identifies three types of intelligence: practical, creative, and analytical. Practical intelligence, as proposed by Sternberg, is sometimes compared to “street smarts.” Being practical means you find solutions that work in your everyday life by applying knowledge based on your experiences.

What did Elizabeth Loftus contribution to psychology?

Elizabeth Loftus, PhD, is one of the nation’s leading experts on memory. Her experiments reveal how memories can be changed by things that we are told. Facts, ideas, suggestions and other post-event information can modify our memories.

What did David Wechsler develop?

He described intelligence as “the global capacity of a person to act purposefully, to think rationally, and to deal effectively with his environment.” He developed the Wechsler-Bellevue Intelligence Scale, which quickly became the most widely used adult intelligence test in the United States.

What is Ebbinghaus famous for?

Hermann Ebbinghaus, (born January 24, 1850, Barmen, Rhenish Prussia [Germany]—died February 26, 1909, Halle, Germany), German psychologist who pioneered in the development of experimental methods for the measurement of rote learning and memory.

What was Lewis Terman known for?

Lewis Terman, in full Lewis Madison Terman, (born January 15, 1877, Johnson county, Indiana, U.S.—died December 21, 1956, Palo Alto, California), American psychologist who published the individual intelligence test widely used in the United States, the Stanford-Binet test.

Why does Gardner claim we have been unfair to many of our students in the past?

We all had students who didn’t fit the mold; we knew the students were bright, but they didn’t excel on tests. Gardner’s claim that there are several different kinds of intelligence gave us and others involved with teaching and learning a way of beginning to understand those students.

What is the Harvard Zero project?

Project Zero is a research center founded in 1967 that explores topics in education such as deep thinking, understanding, intelligence, creativity, and ethics.

Does Howard Gardner still teach at Harvard?

Howard Gardner is officially retiring from his teaching duties at the Harvard Graduate School of Education the end of the 2018-2019 academic year, although he will continue to be a research professor and carry on with his current projects.

What is the ninth intelligence that Gardner has explore?

9. Existential Intelligence. Existential intelligence refers to deep sensitivity and people’s ability to handle deep questions such as the meaning of existence, it’s one of the most complex of the nine types of intelligence listed in Gardner’s research.

What are the 7 types of intelligence?

  • Linguistic. Enjoy writing, reading, telling stories or doing crossword puzzles.
  • Logical-Mathematical. Interested in patterns, categories and relationships.
  • Bodily-kinesthetic. Process knowledge through bodily sensations.
  • Spatial.
  • Musical.
  • Interpersonal.
  • Intrapersonal.

How do existential learners learn?

“… documents the extent to which students possess different kinds of minds and therefore learn, remember, perform, and understand in different ways,” (1991). Existential intelligence involves an individual’s ability to use collective values and intuition to understand others and the world around them.

What is self smart?

SELF SMART (intrapersonal intelligence) involves knowledge of the internal aspects of the self, such as knowledge of feelings, the range of emotional responses, thinking processes, and self-reflection. This intelligence allows us to step back from ourselves and watch ourselves as an observer.

Who is the father of theory of multiple intelligence?

On the 26th anniversary of his book Frames of Mind, Howard Gardner discussed the impact and evolving interpretation of his groundbreaking theory of multiple intelligences.

What is a bodily kinesthetic learner?

Bodily kinesthetic intelligence is the capacity to manipulate objects and use a variety of physical skills. This intelligence also involves a sense of timing and the perfection of skills through mind–body union. Athletes, dancers, surgeons, and crafts people exhibit well-developed bodily kinesthetic intelligence.

Who proposed both G and S factors of intelligence?

Spearman concluded that there is a single g-factor which represents an individual’s general intelligence across multiple abilities, and that a second factor, s, refers to an individual’s specific ability in one particular area (Spearman, as cited in Thomson, 1947).

What is kinetic intelligence?

People with bodily/kinesthetic intelligence are skilled at using their body to convey feelings and ideas. They have good hand-eye coordination and are very aware of their bodies. Their fine and gross motor skills are more advanced than the average person’s.

What is logical and mathematical intelligence?

Mathematical-Logical Intelligence Ability to think conceptually and abstractly, and capacity to discern logical or numerical patterns. Skills – Problem solving (logical & math), performing experiments. Careers – Scientists, engineers, accountants, mathematicians. 3.

What is the meaning of logical mathematical?

Logical mathematical learning style refers to one’s ability to analyze cause and effect relationships, reason, solve problems, learn using numbers and abstract visual information.

How does interpersonal intelligence affect learning?

Social learners love sharing their knowledge with others, but also love listening to their peers. Interpersonal learners are well known for their ability to “read” people and are sometimes called “people smart”. This unique ability helps them understand what goes around them.


Related Videos

Multiple Intelligences, Howard Gardner (1)

Intelligence & The Synthesizing Mind | USIA Podcast #4

Howard Gardner on Multiple Intelligences


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