How do you germinate a seed step by step?

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What are the 5 stages of seed germination?

The process of seed germination includes the following five changes or steps: imbibition, respiration, effect of light on seed germination, mobilization of reserves during seed germination, and role of growth regulators and development of the embryo axis into a seedling.

What are germination phases?

In general, germination process can be distinguished into three phases: phase I, rapid water imbibition by seed; phase II, reactivation of metabolism; and phase III, radicle protrusion [6].

How does seed germination work?

When a seed is exposed to the proper conditions, water and oxygen are taken in through the seed coat. The embryo’s cells start to enlarge. Then the seed coat breaks open and a root or radicle emerges first, followed by the shoot or plumule that contains the leaves and stem. Many things can cause poor germination.

What is seed germination short answer?

Germination is usually the growth of a plant contained within a seed; it results in the formation of the seedling. It is also the process of reactivation of metabolic machinery of the seed resulting in the emergence of radicle and plumule.

What are the 4 steps of germination?

  • Imbibition: water fills the seed.
  • The water activates enzymes that begin the plant’s growth.
  • The seed grows a root to access water underground.
  • The seed grows shoots that grow towards the sun.
  • The shoots grow leaves and begin photmorphogenesis.

What are the three stages of seed germination?

There are three major stages in the germination process. These are the imbibition of water, increased metabolic activity, and swelling of cells. Germination begins with the seed’s imbibition (absorption) of water. Most dormant seeds have 5 to 10 percent moisture content.

What is germination with diagram?

Germination is a fundamental process carried out by all higher plants. In this process, a seed is allowed to mature, germinate and to produce into new plantlets.


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